अनुसूचित जाति और अनुसूचित जनजाति (अत्याचार निवारण) अधिनियम, का Bare Act अगर आप को यह FREE. Get More on Study Material (in Hindi). संशोधित अनुसूचित जाति/ जनजाति अधिनियम के लिए नियम (Revised SC/ST Act Rules – Social Issues). ➠. An Act to prevent the commission of offences of atrocities against the members of Whoever, not being a member of a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe -.
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BE it enacted by Parliament in the Sixty-ninth Year of the Republic of India as follows:—. 1. (1) This Act may be called the Scheduled Castes. (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act, . member of a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe or forces such member to drink or eat. the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, . (h) makes a member of a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe to do ―begar‖ or other forms of.
Pharm programmes. This test facilitates institutions to select suitable Pharmacy graduates for admission into the Master's M. Pharm program.
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The GPAT is a three hour computer based online test which is conducted in a single session. A few scholarships and other financial assistance in the field of Pharmacy are also given on the basis of the GPAT score.
Those who are in the final year of B. Pharmacy course are also eligible for appearing in GPAT exam. However, the candidates qualifying exclusively for Assistant Professor are not to be considered for award of JRF. Candidates who are pursuing their Master's degree or equivalent course or candidates who have appeared for their qualifying Master s degree final year examination and whose result is still awaited or candidates whose qualifying examinations have been delayed may also apply for this test.
Such candidates must complete their Masters degree or equivalent examination within two years from the date of NET result with required percentage of marks, failing which they shall be treated as disqualified.
Candidates belonging to third gender in other words transgender would be eligible to draw the same relaxation in fee, age and qualifying criteria for NET i. The Ph. Defining 'atrocity'[ edit ] The term 'atrocity' was not defined until this Act was passed by the Parliament in In legal parlance, the Act understands the term to mean an offence punishable under sections 3 1 and 3 2.
It contains: 19 offences in their own right Section 3 1 contains 15 subsections with an equal number of offences.
Section 3 2 contains four subsections with offences two derived offences sections 3 2 vi and 3 2 vii. These protections can be broadly divided into protection from social disabilities denial of access to certain places and to use customary passage and to get water from any spring, reservoir or any other source.
The common denominator of the offences is that criminal liability can only be established if the offence is committed by a person who is not a member of a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe against a person who belongs to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe.
Rule 13 i mandates that the judge in a special court be sensitive with right aptitude and understanding of the problems of the SCs and STs. However, that is seldom the case. Most states have declared a court as a 'special court'. The hitch is that they are designated courts as opposed to exclusive special courts and so have to hear many other cases too. The number of acquittals is 6 times more than the number of convictions and more than 70 percent of the cases are still pending. Even the few special courts seem to be biased.
In , of the cases disposed of in the Tumkur special court, not one was convicted. Various High Courts have set aside cases based on the above rule. Ramlinga Reddy v. An investigation carried out and charge sheet filed by an incompetent officer is more than likely to be quashed. Similarly, the Madras High Court in M.
Kathiresam v. State of Tamil Nadu  held that investigation conducted by an officer other than a DSP is improper and bad in law and proceedings based on such an investigation are required to be quashed.
Shri Pravin Rashtrapal, Member of Parliament rightly pointed out that there are insufficient officers at that level. Compensation[ edit ] Atrocities often take place when persons belonging to the SC ST community do not fulfill their 'caste functions' by doing ritually prescribed 'unclean' work or break the caste boundaries such as sitting in the bus or wearing a turban—often the preserve of the dominant castes.
Atrocities are often a form of 'collective' punishment for daring to have even some semblance of non-dependence which is termed as 'prosperous', and the atrocity is to bring them back into the situation of total dependence and servitude.
The state therefore has the duty to help the community back on its feet. In fact, a part of the reason why atrocities are committed is economic activity. In my experience, I have seen that in some areas, the Scheduled Caste or the Scheduled Tribe person is prosperous. My knowledge is mostly about the Scheduled Caste, not about the Scheduled Tribe.
It is because of the economic activity, because of the enterprise, there are areas where the Scheduled Caste people have also become prosperous. The Scheduled Caste people are able to build brick and stone houses. The Scheduled Caste people are able to acquire vehicles.
The Scheduled Caste people are able to dress better, send their children to better schools. One of the reasons why atrocities take place in those places is to cripple them economically.
Every riot, every arson case cripples them economically. Therefore, it is important that the State must immediately rush in social and economic measures for the rehabilitation of those who have suffered through these atrocities.
This is periodically updated Record[ edit ] As 'police' and 'public order' are state subjects, primary responsibility for prevention of atrocities and maintenance of law and order rests with the State Governments.
A responsive police administration has always been recognized as an essential requirement in any society that seeks to take care of its citizens.
However, despite the Act and Rules, the situation has not changed much. The incidence of atrocities is actually increasing, and the implementation of the law leaves much to be desired as this statement of the Union Minister for Home Affairs shows: "Madam, I must concede that the statistics do not reflect any decline in the atrocities.
On the contrary, the information compiled by the Crime Records Bureau shows that the number of cases registered of atrocities against the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes is, in fact, on the rise. I have the numbers from to , subsequent years are being compiled. Take for example the case of the Scheduled Castes. The number of cases of atrocities against the Scheduled Castes registered in was 26, That itself is an understatement.
Many of the cases are simply not registered. In , it was 29, and in it was 33, So, this clearly shows the rise in trend. I can make one or two deductions from this.
Firstly that there is no let up in the atrocities committed on the Scheduled Castes. The other inference one can make is, perhaps, because of the pressure that is put on the State Governments by the Central Government, by public opinion and by NGOs, now the States are showing greater willingness to deal with the problem. Therefore, more cases are being registered. Therefore, it is fair to conclude that the feeling amongst the Scheduled Castes and the Schedule Tribes that all these laws and all these statements, all these pronouncements have really not brought any relief to them.
That feeling is running high and I cannot but say that feeling is justified. Nodal Officers have been appointed in 28 States.
Scheduled Caste Welfare in India
That Committee has met, so far, 10 times. The situation in 25 States and 4 Union Territories were reviewed. That committee has expressed that the most important areas of concern are the following five: firstly, the high rate of acquittal; secondly, the high rate of pendency of cases and very low rate of disposal; thirdly, inadequate use of the preventive provisions of the Act, while the punitive provisions are invoked and FIR is registered, preventive provisions are rarely invoked; fourthly, that the committees and other mechanisms provided in the Act have virtually not been put to use; and fifthly, the Act itself may not be deterrent, perhaps it is not being as deterrent as we thought it could be.
At trial, four witnesses testified that the defendants had threatened Dalits with a gun to stop them from taking water from a well. The trial judge convicted all of the defendants. On appeal, the Additional Sessions judge confirmed the conviction of three defendants but acquitted two.
On further appeal to the High Court, the judge acquitted all the defendants after rejecting testimony of the four Dalit witnesses.
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The Dalits finally got relief from the Supreme Court. Perhaps the most important bias re implementation of this Act is that there is little done to prevent atrocities.
Most of the reports are of what is done after an atrocity has been committed. Few states have preventive measures in place. The 'relief' provided is a pittance and the confidence of the community is seldom rebuilt.
For some, the low conviction rates are evidence of misuse of the Act by the SCs and STs to threaten and blackmail other communities. Actual data on such misuse is not available. However, the acquittal rates are abnormally high, as acknowledged by the prime minister and home minister quoted above. In addition to questioning Section 18 of the Act, which prohibits grant of anticipatory bail for offences committed under the Act, the court laid down guidelines, substantially diluting the provisions of the Act.
Further, written permission of the appointing authority for all public officials and of the District Superintendent of Police for other persons is required before a complaint is registered. While the legal text is explicit in seeking remedies, the implementation of the text appears to evade actual performance. Laws and legal processes are not self-executing; they depend on the administrative structure and the judiciary with the anticipation that the social attitudes are driven by notions of equity, social justice and fair play.
The problem is that the victims of atrocities suffer not only bodily and mental pain but also feelings of insecurity and social avoidance which is not present for the victims of other crimes. If the judge delegated to protect them shows indifference, it further aggravates their already vulnerable position. Ram Krishna Balothia v. The Act contains affirmative measures to weed out the root cause of atrocities, which has denied SCs and STs basic civil rights.
There is mention of rehabilitation under Section 21 2 iii , but there are no provision addressing the same.
As it has been stated earlier that victims of atrocities are on a different level when compared to victims of other crimes, hence there should be special provision for the same.
According to the report submitted by the National Commission for Review and Working of the Constitution,  victims of atrocities and their families should be provided with full financial and any other support to make them economically self-reliant without their having to seek wage employment from their very oppressors or classes of oppressors. Also it would be the duty of the state to immediately take over the educational needs of the children of such victims and provide for the cost of their food and maintenance.
According to the agricultural census a large number of SCs and STs are marginal farmers compared to the other sections of the society and because of this the number of cultivators are going down. In other words, the landlessness is increasing at a faster rate among SCs and STs. At the same time, the number of SC and ST workers as agricultural labourer is increasing at a faster rate when compared to other sections of the society.
This basically implies that after losing their land holdings, SC and ST cultivators are becoming agriculture labourers.
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Loss of land, on the one hand, is caused by atrocities making them more vulnerable.Delegation of powers to the Administrator of Pondicherry. Identification of atrocity prone areas Section 17 1 , 21 2 vii, Rule 3 1. Candidates are advised to appear in the subject of their post graduation only. The Bombay Prevention of Gambling Act, 4 of To assess competence of candidates for admissions and recruitment has always been a challenge in terms of matching with research based international standards, efficiency, transparency and error free delivery.
Such permissions must be granted for recorded reasons which must be served on the person to be arrested and to the concerned court.
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